Rural and Urban American Indian and Alaska Native Veteran Health Disparities: A Population-Based Study

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Recruitment of women veterans into suicide prevention research: Improving response rates with enhanced recruitment materials and multiple survey modalities

Women veterans (WV) are the fastest growing veteran subpopulation and recognized to be at increased risk for suicide compared with civilians. Improving engagement (e.g., response rates) of WV in survey …

Recruitment of women veterans into suicide prevention research: Improving response rates with enhanced recruitment materials and multiple survey modalities Read More »

Lifetime Prevalence of Respiratory Diseases and Exposures Among Veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans: Results From the National Health Study for a New Generation of U.S. Veterans

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of respiratory exposures and the association between respiratory exposures and respiratory disease among veterans deployed to Operation Enduring Freedom and …

Lifetime Prevalence of Respiratory Diseases and Exposures Among Veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans: Results From the National Health Study for a New Generation of U.S. Veterans Read More »

Veterans’ Preferences for Exchanging Information Using Veterans Affairs Health Information Technologies: Focus Group Results and Modeling Simulations

The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has multiple health information technology (HIT) resources for veterans to support their health care management. These include a patient portal, VetLink Kiosks, mobile apps, …

Veterans’ Preferences for Exchanging Information Using Veterans Affairs Health Information Technologies: Focus Group Results and Modeling Simulations Read More »

The Veterans Affairs Patient Safety Center of Inquiry—Suicide Prevention Collaborative: Creating Novel Approaches to Suicide Prevention Among Veterans Receiving Community Services

While the US Department of Veterans Affairs has made significant strides to prevent veteran suicide, efforts have largely targeted veterans actively engaged in and eligible for Veterans Health Administration (VHA) …

The Veterans Affairs Patient Safety Center of Inquiry—Suicide Prevention Collaborative: Creating Novel Approaches to Suicide Prevention Among Veterans Receiving Community Services Read More »

Advancing Pharmacological Treatments for Opioid Use Disorder (ADaPT-OUD): an Implementation Trial in Eight Veterans Health Administration Facilities

Identifying effective strategies to improve access to medication treatments for opioid use disorder (MOUD) is imperative. Within the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), provision of MOUD varies significantly, requiring development and …

Advancing Pharmacological Treatments for Opioid Use Disorder (ADaPT-OUD): an Implementation Trial in Eight Veterans Health Administration Facilities Read More »

The Effect of Support and Training for Family Members on Access to Outpatient Services for Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

The VA Program of Comprehensive Assistance for Family Caregivers (PCAFC) provides landmark support for family caregivers of post-9/11 veterans. This study examines PCAFC support for veterans with and without PTSD …

The Effect of Support and Training for Family Members on Access to Outpatient Services for Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Read More »

Gambling problems among United Kingdom armed forces veterans: Associations with gambling motivation and posttraumatic stress disorder

Military service, mental health, and gambling activities and motivations as predictors of problem gambling in a sample of UK AF veterans. Age-and-gender matched veterans (n = 1,037) and non-veterans (n = 1,148) completed an …

Gambling problems among United Kingdom armed forces veterans: Associations with gambling motivation and posttraumatic stress disorder Read More »

State-Level Variability in Veteran Reliance on Veterans Health Administration and Potentially Preventable Hospitalizations: A Geospatial Analysis

Most Veterans who use the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) also utilize private-sector health care providers. To better inform local and regional health care planning, we assessed the association between reliance …

State-Level Variability in Veteran Reliance on Veterans Health Administration and Potentially Preventable Hospitalizations: A Geospatial Analysis Read More »

Posttraumatic stress disorder and interpersonal process in homeless veterans participating in a peer mentoring intervention: Associations with program benefit

Homelessness among veterans has dropped dramatically since the expansion of services for homeless veterans in 2009, and now engaging homeless veterans in existing programs will be important to continuing to …

Posttraumatic stress disorder and interpersonal process in homeless veterans participating in a peer mentoring intervention: Associations with program benefit Read More »

Racial/Ethnic and Gender Differences in Receipt of Brief Intervention Among Patients with Unhealthy Alcohol Use in the U.S. Veterans Health Administration

Brief intervention (BI) for unhealthy alcohol use is a top prevention priority for adults in the U.S, but rates of BI receipt vary across patients. This paper examines BI receipt …

Racial/Ethnic and Gender Differences in Receipt of Brief Intervention Among Patients with Unhealthy Alcohol Use in the U.S. Veterans Health Administration Read More »

Alcohol Consumption Levels and All-Cause Mortality Among Women Veterans and Non-Veterans Enrolled in the Women’s Health Initiative

To address research gaps regarding women Veterans’ alcohol consumption and mortality risk as compared to non-Veterans, the current study evaluated whether alcohol consumption amounts differed between women Veterans and non-Veterans, …

Alcohol Consumption Levels and All-Cause Mortality Among Women Veterans and Non-Veterans Enrolled in the Women’s Health Initiative Read More »

Mental Health Service Use, Suicide Behavior, and Emergency Department Visits Among Rural US Veterans Who Received Video-Enabled Tablets During the COVID-19 Pandemic

During the COVID-19 pandemic the US Veterans Affairs set up an initiative to distribute video-enabled tablets to asses benefits associated with mental health care access, suicide behavior, or emergency department …

Mental Health Service Use, Suicide Behavior, and Emergency Department Visits Among Rural US Veterans Who Received Video-Enabled Tablets During the COVID-19 Pandemic Read More »

Professor Hugh MacLean: one of the first British military research nephrologists and the pioneer of the  rst United Kingdom veterans’ renal clinic

Few people have been as successful in bringing together basic research, clinical science, and a contribution to military medicine as Professor Hugh MacLean. However, today he is almost forgotten. During …

Professor Hugh MacLean: one of the first British military research nephrologists and the pioneer of the  rst United Kingdom veterans’ renal clinic Read More »

The Effects of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and Combined Mild Traumatic Brain Injury/Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder on Returning Veterans

United States veterans of the Iraqi (Operation Iraqi Freedom [OIF]) and Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom [OEF]) conflicts have frequently returned from deployment after sustaining mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and …

The Effects of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and Combined Mild Traumatic Brain Injury/Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder on Returning Veterans Read More »

“A Part of Our Family”? Effects of Psychiatric Service Dogs on Quality of Life and Relationship Functioning in Military-Connected Couples

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can have corrosive impacts on family relationships and individual functioning. Emerging evidence has shown that psychiatric service dogs may be an effective complementary treatment for military …

“A Part of Our Family”? Effects of Psychiatric Service Dogs on Quality of Life and Relationship Functioning in Military-Connected Couples Read More »

Civic Service as an Intervention to Promote Psychosocial Health and Implications for Mental Health in Post-9/11/01 Era Women Veterans

Women veterans experience significant morbidity with poorer health and mental health outcomes relative to nonveteran counterparts. Little is known about how to best promote health and well-being among reintegrating female …

Civic Service as an Intervention to Promote Psychosocial Health and Implications for Mental Health in Post-9/11/01 Era Women Veterans Read More »

Association of Gulf War Illness-Related Symptoms with Military Exposures among 1990–1991 Gulf War Veterans Evaluated at the War-Related Illness and Injury Study Center (WRIISC)

Decades after deployment, Gulf War veterans of the war in 1990-91 referred to a Veterans Affairs (VA) tertiary evaluation center report a high burden of chronic symptoms, many of which …

Association of Gulf War Illness-Related Symptoms with Military Exposures among 1990–1991 Gulf War Veterans Evaluated at the War-Related Illness and Injury Study Center (WRIISC) Read More »

Depression symptoms as a potential mediator of the association between disordered eating symptoms and sexual function in women service members and veterans

Sexual dysfunction is associated with disorders commonly diagnosed in service members/veterans (SM/Vs; e.g., depression, posttraumatic stress disorder) and increased risk for suicide in service women. Theory indicates depression may play …

Depression symptoms as a potential mediator of the association between disordered eating symptoms and sexual function in women service members and veterans Read More »

Body image and psychosocial well-being among UK military personnel and veterans who sustained appearance-altering conflict injuries

This study highlights the psychosocial experiences and unmet support needs of personnel and veterans who sustained appearance-altering injuries (e.g., scarring and limb loss). Findings can inform the development of interventions …

Body image and psychosocial well-being among UK military personnel and veterans who sustained appearance-altering conflict injuries Read More »

Suicidal ideation among young Afghanistan/Iraq War Veterans and civilians: Individual, social, and environmental risk factors and perception of unmet mental healthcare needs, United States, 2013

Suicidal Ideation among Afghanistan/Iraq War Veterans remains a health concern. As young Veterans adjust to civilian life, new risk factors might emerge and manifest differently in this group versus those …

Suicidal ideation among young Afghanistan/Iraq War Veterans and civilians: Individual, social, and environmental risk factors and perception of unmet mental healthcare needs, United States, 2013 Read More »

Web-Based Problem-solving Training With and Without Peer Support in Veterans With Unmet Mental Health Needs: Pilot Study of Feasibility, User Acceptability, and Participant Engagement

eHealth tools have the potential to meet the mental health needs of individuals who experience barriers to accessing in-person treatment. However, most users have less than optimal engagement with eHealth …

Web-Based Problem-solving Training With and Without Peer Support in Veterans With Unmet Mental Health Needs: Pilot Study of Feasibility, User Acceptability, and Participant Engagement Read More »

Barriers and facilitators of help seeking among morally injured Canadian Armed Forces Veterans and service members: A qualitative analysis

Moral injury (MI) refers to the psycho-spiritual consequences of extremely challenging events that threaten one’s moral beliefs and core values. MI is characterized by intense shame, guilt, anger, loss of …

Barriers and facilitators of help seeking among morally injured Canadian Armed Forces Veterans and service members: A qualitative analysis Read More »

Dose of Exercise Therapy Among Active Duty Soldiers With Chronic Pain Is Associated With Lower Risk of Long-Term Adverse Outcomes After Linking to the Veterans Health Administration

The objective of this study was to determine if exercise therapy received in the MHS among soldiers with chronic pain is associated with long-term adverse outcomes after military separation and …

Dose of Exercise Therapy Among Active Duty Soldiers With Chronic Pain Is Associated With Lower Risk of Long-Term Adverse Outcomes After Linking to the Veterans Health Administration Read More »

Psychological Adjustment After Military Operations: The Utility of Postdeployment Decompression for Supporting Health Readjustment

This chapter provides a literature review of postdeployment stressors and their effects and explores the potential mitigating value of adding a transition period between the operational environment and the “homefront”. …

Psychological Adjustment After Military Operations: The Utility of Postdeployment Decompression for Supporting Health Readjustment Read More »

A systematic review of posttraumatic stress and resilience trajectories: Identifying predictors for future treatment of veterans and service members.

This study reviews existing literature on post traumatic stress symptoms and post traumatic stress resilience. The findings of the review are discussed and implications for the research and treatment of …

A systematic review of posttraumatic stress and resilience trajectories: Identifying predictors for future treatment of veterans and service members. Read More »

The mental health of [US] Vietnam theater veterans—the lasting effects of the war: 2016–2017 Vietnam Era Health Retrospective Observational Study

This study aimed to compare the mental health of aging Vietnam theater veterans against non-theater veterans and non veterans of the same era. Surveys were mailed to random samples of …

The mental health of [US] Vietnam theater veterans—the lasting effects of the war: 2016–2017 Vietnam Era Health Retrospective Observational Study Read More »

Post-deployment screening for mental disorders and tailored advice about help-seeking in the UK military: a cluster randomised controlled trial

This randomized controlled trial aimed to assess whether post-deployment screening for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, or alcohol misuse was effective among Royal Marines and Army personnel in the …

Post-deployment screening for mental disorders and tailored advice about help-seeking in the UK military: a cluster randomised controlled trial Read More »

Dose of Exercise Therapy Among Active Duty [US] Soldiers with Chronic Pain Is Associated with Lower Risk of Long-Term Adverse Outcomes After Linking to the Veterans Health Administration

This study sought to understand the effect of exercise therapy received during military service in soldiers with chronic pain. The medical records of soldiers who had received exercise therapy were …

Dose of Exercise Therapy Among Active Duty [US] Soldiers with Chronic Pain Is Associated with Lower Risk of Long-Term Adverse Outcomes After Linking to the Veterans Health Administration Read More »

Sustained positive behaviour change of wounded, injured and sick UK military following an adaptive adventure sports and health coaching recovery course

This study offers a novel contribution and significant extension to existing literature by highlighting the enduring impacts of adaptive sports and adventure training programmes in activating UK WIS military personnel …

Sustained positive behaviour change of wounded, injured and sick UK military following an adaptive adventure sports and health coaching recovery course Read More »

Perceived unit climate of support for mental health as a predictor of stigma, beliefs about treatment, and help-seeking behaviors among military personnel

Employees in high-risk occupations can experience stigma associated with developing mental health problems and getting treatment for problems that can oftentimes be attributed to traumatic events encountered at work. The …

Perceived unit climate of support for mental health as a predictor of stigma, beliefs about treatment, and help-seeking behaviors among military personnel Read More »

Factor structure of deployment experiences and relations to mental health disorders among treatment-seeking Canadian armed forces personnel and veterans

Among a sample of 341 treatment-seeking veterans and currently serving Canadian Forces members, our objectives were to identify factors of deployment experiences and determine whether they were related to the …

Factor structure of deployment experiences and relations to mental health disorders among treatment-seeking Canadian armed forces personnel and veterans Read More »

Self-rated sleep quality predicts incident suicide ideation in US military veterans: Results from a 7-year, nationally representative, prospective cohort study

The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether self-reported sleep quality was associated with risk of new-onset suicidal ideation in a 7-year prospective nationally representative cohort study of US …

Self-rated sleep quality predicts incident suicide ideation in US military veterans: Results from a 7-year, nationally representative, prospective cohort study Read More »

The Relationships Between Self-reported Pain Intensity, Pain Interference, and Quality of Life Among Injured U.S. Service Members With and Without Low Back Pain

The current study examined the prevalence of low back pain among individuals with deployment-related injuries, compared their self-reported pain intensity and interference ratings, and assessed the relationship between low back …

The Relationships Between Self-reported Pain Intensity, Pain Interference, and Quality of Life Among Injured U.S. Service Members With and Without Low Back Pain Read More »

Risk factors for musculoskeletal injuries in the military: a qualitative systematic review of the literature from the past two decades and a new prioritizing injury model

Musculoskeletal injuries (MSkIs) are a leading cause of health care utilization, as well as limited duty and disability in the US military and other armed forces. MSkIs affect members of …

Risk factors for musculoskeletal injuries in the military: a qualitative systematic review of the literature from the past two decades and a new prioritizing injury model Read More »

Exit Wounds

In this report, members of the veteran LGBTQ+ community share their lived experiences of life before, during and after service in the UK military.

The Invisible Man

For this research, male veterans shared their lived experience of military sexual trauma in the British Armed Forces.

Understanding risk in younger Veterans: Risk and protective factors associated with suicide attempt, homelessness, and arrest in a nationally representative Veteran sample

Accumulating research suggests unique patterns of suicide risk, homelessness, and criminal-justice involvement in younger (age < 40) relative to older (aged 40+) cohorts of Veterans. However, potential explanations for these differences remain …

Understanding risk in younger Veterans: Risk and protective factors associated with suicide attempt, homelessness, and arrest in a nationally representative Veteran sample Read More »