HEALTH / WELL-BEING

A Resilience Perspective of Postpartum Depressive Symptomatology in Military Wives

Article

This research explores postpartum depressive (PPD) symptoms in a sample of military wives, taking into consideration and analysing factors that affect the prevalence of these symptoms.

 

Abstract

This research estimates the prevalence of postpartum depressive symptoms in a sample of military wives, and provides a comparative descriptive analysis of demographic, risk and protective factors. Research was conducted at a large military base in southeastern United States. Participants were military wives (N = 71) who had given birth within the preceding 3 months. Participants were recruited from a military immunization clinic during the infant's 8-week health maintenance visit. Assessments were conducted to screen mothers for symptoms of postpartum depression (PPD) and to measure risk and protective factors of PPD. More than one half of the participants (50.7%, n = 36) scored above the cut-off point for elevated depressive symptoms suggestive of PPD. Examination of the risk and protective factors showed that military wives with depressive symptoms had greater family changes and strains, lower self-reliance, and lower social support than those without depressive symptoms. Examining postpartum depressive symptoms in military wives from a resilience perspective offers unique insights into risk and protective factors that may influence this population. Through better understanding, nurses can identify those most at risk for PPD and focus interventions on risk reduction while capitalizing on the new mothers' strengths and resources.

Full Reference

Schachman, K., Lindsey, L., 2013. "A Resilience Perspective of Postpartum Depressive Symptomatology in Military Wives", Journal of Obstetric, Gynacologic and Neonatal Nursing. 42 (2), 157-167.