This book chapter features in the book Military Veteran Reintegration: Approach, Management, and Assessment of Military Veterans Transitioning to Civilian Life. The book offers a toolkit for researchers and practitioners on best practices for easing the reintegration of military veterans returning to civilian society. It lays out how transition occurs, identifies factors that promote or impede transition, and operationalizes outcomes associated with transition success. Bringing together experts from around the world to address the most important aspects of military transition, the book looks at what has been shown to work and what has not, while also offering a roadmap for best-results moving forward.
Most service members who leave the armed forces do well after the military-to-civilian transition. However, some veterans are less fortunate. They experience difficulties during their transition out of the military that result in impaired quality of life due to physical or psychological health problems, financial problems, relationship problems, homelessness, legal issues, difficulties in finding or keeping a new job, or adjusting to civilian culture. Despite support often being available, some veterans may be vulnerable for such unfavorable outcomes of the military-to-civilian transition because of their background, personal characteristics, experiences, specific circumstances, or the interplay of these factors. This chapter provides a literature review of factors that may contribute to a veteran's vulnerability and outlines a promising avenue to support vulnerable veterans.
Jacco Duel, J., Godier-McBard, L., MacLean, M-B and Fossey, M. (2019) Challenging missions: vulnerable veterans leaving the armed forces and promising avenues to support them in Castro and Dursun (Eds) Military Veteran Reintegration: Approach, Management, and Assessment of Military Veterans Transitioning to Civilian Life London: Academic Press.