HEALTH / WELL-BEING

Comparing clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes between Veterans and non-Veterans with hoarding disorder

Article

This study examines the differences between veterans and non-veterans with hoarding disorder (HD).

Abstract

Because Veterans have higher rates of mental health conditions and both physical and mental health comorbidities are known to affect treatment outcomes, the purpose of this investigation was to compare the rates of risk factors for poor hoarding treatment outcomes between Veterans and non-Veterans with hoarding disorder (HD). This is the first study to investigate differences between Veterans and non-Veterans with HD. Material and methods Baseline data were used from three different treatment studies of adults with hoarding disorder ( n  = 159). Demographic characteristics, baseline hoarding symptom severity, baseline medical and psychiatric comorbidities, and treatment attrition and response were compared between Veterans and non-Veterans. Results Veterans were significantly less likely to be employed than non-Veterans. Veterans did not report significantly more severe hoarding symptoms at baseline when compared to non-Veterans. Veterans reported having a greater mean number of overall medical and psychiatric comorbidities. Veterans were more likely than non-Veterans to meet criteria for major depressive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. There was no significant difference in the rate of attrition between Veterans and non-Veterans and Veterans were not significantly more likely to be classified as treatment responders. Conclusion Many similarities were observed between the two groups, including demographic characteristics, hoarding symptom severity, and rates of treatment response. Given that Veterans with HD may suffer from greater medical and psychiatric comorbidities, clinicians should ensure that their clients are receiving adequate medical care and that any other psychiatric comorbidities should be addressed in conjunction for treatment with HD. Highlights Veterans with hoarding have more medical and psychiatric comorbidities than non-Veterans. Veterans with hoarding are more likely than non-Veterans to have depression and PTSD. Veterans with hoarding have similar attrition and treatment response as non-Veterans.

Full Reference

Ayers, Catherine R. ; Dozier, Mary E. ; Pittman, James O.E. ; Mayes, Tina L. ; Twamley, Elizabeth W. (2018). Comparing clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes between Veterans and non-Veterans with hoarding disorder, Comprehensive psychiatry, Vol: 86, p. 1-5.