This article examines earnings differences between women veterans and non-veterans. It finds that younger women veterans experienced an earnings disadvantage compared to same-age civilians and older veterans. In the case of older veterans, military experience resulted in a wage premium. This paper concludes that, for younger people who serve, military service does not lead to future highly paid civilian employment.
Drawing on 1990 Census data, this paper uses regression analysis to examine several hypotheses regarding the earnings of women military veterans. While frequency distributions show that veterans out-earned non-veterans, this advantage reversed when controls were added. Younger women veterans in particular suffered an earnings disadvantage compared to same-age non-veterans and older veterans; for older veterans, however, military experience resulted in a wage premium. The findings offered little support for the idea that the military provides modern women a bridge to higher-paid civilian employment. Thus, while the military advertises to young people that it can further their careers, it does not offer a route to higher-paying jobs for all women.
Prokos, A. and Padavic, I., 2000. Earn all that you can earn: income differences between women veterans and non-veterans. Journal of Political and Military Sociology, 28(1), pp. 60-74.