This study looks at the effect of military deployment on pregnancy, with specific focus on the risk of postpartum depression at various stages of the pregnancy.
This research estimates the relationship of positive screening for depression during and after pregnancy with deployment status of the spouse. In this study, a total of 3,956 surveys were complete and available for analysis. The risk of a positive screen was more than doubled compared with the control group (no deployment planned) if the spouse was deployed during the 28-32 week visit (4.3% compared with 13.1%, P=.012) or the postpartum period (8.1% compared with 16.2%, P=.006). Deployment status has a measurable effect on the prevalence of elevated depression screening scores during pregnancy and in the postpartum period. These findings suggest that more intense monitoring, assessment, and treatment may be warranted for this at-risk population.
Denise C. Smith, Michelle L. Munroe, Lisa M. Foglia, Peter E. Nielse, Shad H. Deering, 2010, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY, Effects of Deployment on Depression Screening Scores in Pregnancy at an Army Military Treatment Facility, 116(3) 679-684.