EMPLOYMENT / EDUCATION / TRAINING

Employment Gaps Between Military Spouses and Matched Civilians

Article

This article examines whether female military spouses (SPs) are disadvantaged in comparison to civilian peers in terms of hours worked and earnings, paying particular attention to gaps among the highest educated women.

Abstract

Drawing upon data from the Deployment Life Study, this article examines whether female military spouses (SPs) are disadvantaged relative to matched civilian peers in terms of hours worked and earnings, paying particular attention to gaps among the highest educated women. Female SPs do earn less than comparable civilian peers in terms of raw dollars and percentage earnings. Moreover, military wives who are part of the labor force work as many hours as their civilian counterparts, but still earn significantly less for that work. These results suggest that SPs at all education levels could benefit from employment assistance; in particular, women already participating in the labor force may benefit from support in finding higher paying jobs.

Full Reference

Sarah O. Meadows, Beth Ann Griffin, Benjamin R. Karney, Julia Pollak, 2016, Armed Forces & Society, Employment Gaps Between Military Spouses and Matched Civilians, 42, 3, 542-562.