This report summarises the available evidence on the health and social outcomes, and the health service experiences, of former members of the UK Armed Forces.
Each year approximately 24,000 men and women leave the British Armed Forces and enter civilian life. There is increasing international recognition, both within the military and in civilian society, of the health and social needs of ex-Service personnel, in particular mental health problems, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and social exclusion. The ongoing conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have heightened interest in the welfare and health of Service personnel on their return from duty and then as they return to civilian life. The psychological well-being of Service personnel is a high profile issue, with media coverage typically focusing on the minority who fare badly and become socially excluded, such as those who are homeless, commit suicide or have severe mental health problems.
Nicola Fear, Dan Wood, Simon Wessely, 2009, Department of Health, Health and Social Outcomes and Health Service Experiences of UK Military Veterans, 1-82.