This qualitative study explores the efforts of veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to move from homelessness to employment. This paper documents the findings of this study and relevant themes are suggested, which demonstrate the stages individuals experience in moving from homelessness to employment. This research suggests that veterans with PTSD express the values and attitudes needed for the workplace.
The purpose of this study was to document the first-person perspectives of 10 Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) regarding their efforts to move from homelessness to employment. A qualitative, phenomenological study design was employed through the use of in-depth interviews. Five themes emerged, labeled as (a) fallout from PTSD, (b) motivation to change, (c) family support, (d) rehabilitation counseling, and (e) developing a new work identity. Findings suggest that veterans of this era with PTSD express the values and attitudes needed for work adjustment and successful reintegration into the workforce. It is anticipated that the results of this study will stimulate the rehabilitation counseling profession to continue advancements in training, research, and service provision to better meet the vocational rehabilitation needs of veterans with PTSD.
Hayes, P. J., Degeneffe, C. E., Olney, M. F. and Tucker, M. S., 2017. From Homelessness to Employment: Perceptions of OEF and OIF Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 60(4), pp. 2227-238.