Measures of spirituality for use in military contexts: a scoping review


This review aims to identify assessments that have the potential to measure spiritual fitness to be used in a military context. It is the first step in the process of incorporating spiritual fitness assessments as a measure of operational readiness and resilience pre- and post-deployment in the Canadian Armed Forces.


Introduction: The purpose of this scoping review is to identify measures of spiritual fitness that can be used in a military context. Methods: Two independent reviewers applied post-hoc inclusion and exclusion criteria for the identification of relevant articles, reviews, and assessments. Each reviewer independently recorded criteria met using a jointly developed form, considering relevant spiritual fitness screening and assessment tools based on clinical experience. When two reviewers were in disagreement, a third blinded reviewer was used to create consensus. Results: 35 assessments with psychometric properties were identified that could be administered by military chaplains, health care professionals, or military personnel (through self-reporting) to evaluate spiritual fitness over time among those in the military service. The assessments were compiled into a table to isolate differing properties of each assessment, including target population, length/time to complete, measurement of affective, behavioural, and cognitive aspects of spiritual fitness, psychometric properties, and example questions. Discussion: There is now an opportunity to further identify and evaluate spiritual fitness screening and assessment tools that will appropriately and effectively determine the spiritual fitness and resilience of individuals serving in the military as well as their families.

Full Reference

Measures of spirituality for use in military contexts: a scoping review. Suzette Brémault-Phillips, Lori-Ann R. Sacrey, Joanne Olson, Jeanne Weis, and Terry Cherwick. Journal of Military, Veteran and Family Health 2016 2:1, 55-69