This article focuses on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). A brief overview of PTSD is followed by sections on Diagnosing PTSD, prevalence and risk factors associated with PTSD, treatments for PTSD and the role of healthcare professionals in treating those with PTSD.
Approximately one in three people in the UK report exposure to a significant traumatic event during the course of their life . Traumatic events can include serious accidents or illness, physical or sexual assault, and neglect. This exposure rate is likely to be considerably higher for those working in trauma-prone occupations such as the military, emergency services, and in less developed countries where traumatic events are more commonplace . Following exposure to a traumatic event, many individuals will experience a degree of short-term distress; however, the majority will recover in time without the need for formal psychological treatment. In a minority of cases, traumatic experiences can lead to psychological injuries which may manifest as adjustment disorders, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) or depression. In particular, the development of PTSD can have a profoundly negative impact on one’s quality of life, with symptoms potentially affecting one’s relationships with others, workplace performance, sleeping patterns and daily functioning. PTSD can also have adverse consequences for physical health, with a recent meta-analysis finding PTSD to be significantly associated with musculoskeletal pain, cardio-respiratory symptoms, and gastrointestinal health .
Williamson V, Murphy D, Greenberg N (2019) Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Diagnosis and Management. Integr J Orthop Traumatol Volume 2 (5): 1–3.