HEALTH / WELL-BEING

Well-being Inventory (WBI): A multidimensional tool for assessing key components of well-being

Article

The Well-being Inventory (WBI) is a tool used to assess key components of well-being and has been designed for use with military veterans. The WBI assesses four key life domains of vocation, finances, health and social relationships.

The manual for the WBI is available here.

Abstract

The research team sought to identify a measurement tool that could be used to pinpoint areas of both strength and vulnerability with respect to key aspects of military veterans’ life circumstances after they leave military service. Building on our interest in providing a multi-faceted conceptualization of the many different factors that may serve as the “building blocks” of well-being, we defined well-being as reflecting individual’s status, functioning, and satisfaction with regard to key facets of veterans’ lives. After clearly defining our measurement focus, we reviewed existing measures to evaluate whether any of them would meet our needs. Because military veterans effectively become civilians when they leave military service, and therefore must contend with all of the same life concerns as other civilians, we reviewed measures validated within both civilian and military veteran samples. Although we identified many multidimensional measures that address aspects of well-being covered in our framework, we were not able to identify any measurement tool (or set of measures) that produces separate indicators of status, functioning, and satisfaction within the four life domains of vocation, finances, health, and social relationships. Instead, many of the multidimensional measures we identified appear primarily concerned with how individuals fare in terms of their psychological or physical health, and either do not address how individuals fare in other life domains, give less attention to these domains, or focus primarily on how on these domains are impacted by health status. In addition, none of the broader measures of well-being we identified treat status as a well-being indicator, and some of the broader measurement tools that were of potential interest to us were not publicly available, and therefore, not feasible to use for our purposes. Because we were not able to identify any measure that could fully meet our needs we set about developing a new measurement tool to use in our own research and that would serve as a resource to other investigators interested in evaluating the “building blocks” of well-being among military veterans.

Full Reference

Vogt, D., Taverna, E., Nillni, Y. and Tyrell, F., 2019. Well-Being Inventory: Multidimensional Assessment Tool. Updated Edition.