Research Index

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy in the Brains of Military Personnel

Background: Persistent neuropsychiatric sequelae may develop in military personnel who are exposed to combat; such sequelae have been attributed in some cases to chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Only limited data regarding CTE in the brains of military service members are…

Nutritional knowledge in British Army recruits during basic training

British Army recruits, in particular standard-entry female and infantry recruits, have poor nutritional knowledge, which did not improve throughout basic training. Better nutritional intervention, especially surrounding carbohydrate and fluid education, is required during British Army basic training to optimise career-long…

Thoracic spinal anaesthesia for abdominal surgery in a humanitarian military field hospital: a prospective observational study

Surgery was performed successfully in 61 patients under TSA (90% female, 53±13 years old). Intraoperative pain scores were low, with a median Numeric Rating Scale score of 0 (IQR 0–2). Surgeon and patient satisfaction scores were excellent. The haemodynamic and…

Injury surveillance in the Canadian Armed Forces: An environmental scan

Introduction: Reducing preventable injuries in the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) is important to optimize force operational readiness and the wellness and career progression of individuals. At present, timely and accurate CAF injury data have limited availability. The implementation of a…

How effectively does CBT-I address the traumatic and functional causes of insomnia and sleep disturbance in Veterans?

Introduction: An interaction between functional and traumatic predisposing, precipitating, and perpetuating factors is suggested to explain the comparatively high prevalence of insomnia in the Veteran population. Cognitive-behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) has been recommended as a first-line treatment for insomnia…

Gambling problems among United Kingdom armed forces veterans: Associations with gambling motivation and posttraumatic stress disorder

The relationship between problem gambling and gambling to cope with distress was significantly stronger among veterans. Veterans experiencing PTSD and complex PTSD (C-PTSD) were at increased risk of problem gambling. Overall, the present, findings contribute further international evidence that veterans…

Priorities of primary care in disaster medicine

Evolution of the understanding of primary care in disaster medicine has resulted in a greater emphasis on maintaining outputs. In a disaster, effect is maximised by using strong local and wider resiliency frameworks to enable adaptation to new inputs and…

Understanding risk and protective factors of injuries: Insights from Canadian recruits during basic military training

Introduction: Musculoskeletal (MSK) injuries are common among recruits undergoing basic military training. They have the potential to influence performance, mission effectiveness, and overall retention throughout a military career. Timely information on physical health and injury risk and on protective factors…

Body image and psychosocial well-being among UK military personnel and veterans who sustained appearance-altering conflict injuries

A modest but significant number of military personnel sustained injuries during deployments resulting in an altered-appearance (e.g., limb loss and/or scarring). Civilian research indicates that appearance-altering injuries can affect psychosocial wellbeing, yet little is known about the impact of such…

Lives in Transition: returning to civilian life with a physical injury or condition. Final report

The majority of our participants had expected to have a long career in the Armed Forces (and indeed some had); however, the impact of a physical injury or condition took away their capability to fulfill their roles, requiring significant adjustments…