This study examines whether Scottish veterans are at an increased risk of dementia, in comparison with people who have never served.
There was no evidence to suggest that military service increased the risk of dementia, although this may change as the cohort ages. The well-documented association with PTSD shows no evidence of being stronger in veterans; by contrast, the association of mood disorder with dementia is much stronger in veterans. Healthcare providers should carefully assess the cognitive status of older veterans presenting with depressive illness in order to identify early dementia and ensure optimum management.
Bergman, B., Mackay, D., & Pell, J. (2021). Dementia in Scottish military veterans: Early evidence from a retrospective cohort study. Psychological Medicine, 1-6. doi:10.1017/S0033291721002440