The Earnings of Tied-Migrant Military Husbands


This study examines the earnings of non-military men whose wives serve in the U.S. military.


Identifying the earnings penalty associated with being a tied mover has focused on the working wives of servicemen. However, the number of women serving in the armed forces now makes it feasible to study the earnings losses of a group of tied-mover males, the husbands of servicewomen. Using data from the 2000 U.S. Census, the authors identified a sample of such men and compare their earnings to civilian husbands of working civilian wives to extend and generalize on tied-mover earnings effects. Multivariate analysis accounting for selection bias and controlling for migration, demographic, household, and labor market characteristics shows that military husbands earn about 70 percent of civilian husbands, whereas military wives earned about 50 percent of civilian wives. Since different estimation procedures provide comparable outcomes regardless of gender, these results reveal a detrimental earnings effect for military husbands similar to earlier estimates for military wives.

Full Reference

Roger D. Little, John J. Hisnanick, 2007, Armed Forces & Society, The Earnings of Tied-Migrant Military Husbands, 33,4,547-570