EMPLOYMENT / EDUCATION / TRAINING

Veterans in Canada released since 1998: A Sex-disaggregated Profile

September, 2018
Article:

In Canada, 14% of the estimated Veteran population are female. However, recent data on Veterans has not been examined by sex across service, demographic and well-being characteristics. This study examines recently released Veterans as a first step to integrating sex- and gender-based analysis into research, policy, and planning. Male and female Veterans are similar in many characteristics. However, female Veterans differ from male Veterans in some measures of health, purpose, and finances. Further research is needed to understand the differences observed.

Abstract

In Canada, 14% of the estimated Veteran population are female. However, recent data on Veterans has not been disaggregated by sex across service, demographic and well-being characteristics. This study examines recently released Veterans as a first step to integrating sex and gender based analysis into research, policy, and planning. This study uses the Life After Service Studies (LASS) to disaggregate demographic, service and well-being characteristics. LASS captures Veterans released since 1998, approximately 11% of the total Veteran population. Over 40 indicators were examined across seven domains of well-being. Females account for 23% of reserve force C, 19% of the reserve force A/B, and 13% of regular force Veterans (13%). Regardless of their service type: 1) Females were more likely than males to: serve in the air force; serve 10-19 years; be in administrative, medical, and transferable occupations at release; and to be medically released. 2) Females were more likely than males to see their family doctor in the past 12 months. 3) Females differed from males in the domains of health, purpose, and finances. 4) Health: Females were more likely to report that they experienced an activity limitation and needed help as a result of an activity limitation. 5) Purpose: Females were less likely to report that work was their main activity. 6) Finances: Females were more likely to experience low income and have larger reductions in income post-release. Male and female Veterans are similar in many demographic, military service, and well-being characteristics. However, female Veterans differed from males in some indicators of health, purpose, and finances and across each of the service components.

Full Reference

MacLean MB, Clow B, Ralling A, Sweet J, Poirier A, Buss J, Pound T, and Rodd B, 2018. Veterans in Canada released since 1998: A Sex-disaggregated Profile, Veterans Affairs Canada, Research Technical Report, 24 September 2018.

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