Research Index

Association of Race and Ethnicity With Incidence of Dementia Among Older Adults

Importance The racial and ethnic diversity of the US, including among patients receiving their care at the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), is increasing. Dementia is a significant public health challenge and may have greater incidence among older adults from underrepresented…

The mental health of [US] Vietnam theater veterans—the lasting effects of the war: 2016–2017 Vietnam Era Health Retrospective Observational Study

Mental health data from the 2016–2017 Vietnam Era Health Retrospective Observational Study (VE-HEROeS) were analyzed by cohort, represented by United States Vietnam theater veterans (VTs) who served in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos; nontheater veterans (NTs) without theater service; and age-…

Women in World War II Royal Australian Air Force Bands: An Untold Story

Existing research into Australian defence force bands, including that published by the Australian Defence Force itself, assumes that women were not eligible to join mainstream military bands until the 1980s. Prior to this, it was thought women’s involvement in music…

Exposure Worry: The Psychological Impact of Perceived Ionizing Radiation Exposure in British Nuclear Test Veterans

Potential psychological issues faced by British nuclear test veterans have been under-researched. This study assessed the prevalence of clinically relevant anxiety in British nuclear test veterans and aimed to explore experiences of worry and the broader psychological impact of the…

Association of Lifetime TBI and Military Employment with Late Life ADL Functioning: A Population-Based Prospective Cohort Study

Population-based prospective cohort study with biennial follow-up and censoring at the time of dementia diagnosis. TBI with loss of consciousness (LOC) before the age of 40 years was associated with slightly higher ADL difficulty at baseline for women (rate ratio…

Association of Medication-Assisted Treatment and Age With Treatment Completion Among Veterans Seeking Non-VA Treatment for Opioid use Disorder at Non-Veterans Health Administration Facilities

Medication-assisted treatment has been shown to be effective in treating opioid use disorder among both older adults and veterans of U.S. Armed Forces. However, limited evidence exists on MAT’s differential effect on treatment completion across age groups. We used the…
Model brain

Dementia in Scottish military veterans: early evidence from a retrospective cohort study

There was no evidence to suggest that military service increased the risk of dementia, although this may change as the cohort ages. The well-documented association with PTSD shows no evidence of being stronger in veterans; by contrast, the association of…
Two pensioners walking away down a shrub lined path

Older veterans: The materiality of reminiscence, making unknown histories knowable and forging social connections

Materials have long been used by individuals reflecting on personal histories, and researchers have evidenced the associated therapeutic value particularly among older populations. In this article, we consider older veterans’ reminiscence through attending interviews and workshops, focusing on the performative…

Exploring Health Outcomes for U.S. Veterans Compared to Non-Veterans from 2003 to 2019

The physical demands on U.S. service members have increased significantly over the past several decades as the number of military operations requiring overseas deployment have expanded in frequency, duration, and intensity. These elevated demands from military operations placed upon a…
Two pensioners walking away from camera down path

The Unforgotten Forces Project Final Report: An Evaluation of Support for Older Veterans in Scotland

Unforgotten Forces was a 3-year project delivered between 2017 and 2020. It was funded by the Aged Veterans Fund through the MoD Libor funds. The Unforgotten Forces project, an innovative Poppyscotland led consortium of complementary partners, aimed to deliver services…